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Unit 4 Working in the Office 文秘专业英语课件.ppt 66页

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《Unit 4 Working in the Office 文秘专业英语课件.ppt》
Unit Four Working in the Office Learning Objectives Listening and Speaking Listen and Practice Act Out Reading Text Exercises Practical Writing Supplementary Reading Learning Objectives know how to communicate with your colleagues; understand the liabilities of the secretaries; learn how to write a meeting agenda Listening and Speaking Part One Listen and Practice Opinions of Colleagues Dialogue 1 1. Listen to the dialogue, and fill in the blanks. Helen: I think I need to _______ this report before I hand it in. Mr. Smith: Good idea! Helen: What _________________ I do for the cover page? Mr. Smith: How about getting _______ so that you don’t have to spend a lot of time on it? Helen: I _____ do that. By the way, have you read the presentation I gave? Mr. Smith: Yes, I think it was good ______. But you need to make some small changes. Helen: What changes do you suggest I make? Mr. Smith: If I were you, I would put the ___________________ before cost data so as to justify all the expenditures. Helen: Anything else? Mr. Smith: Try speaking _________________ in yourself. Helen: Thank you very much. 2. Listen to the dialogue again, and answer the questions you will hear. Write your answers below. (1) ____________________________________________________ (2) ___________________________________________________ Dialogue 2 1. Listen to the dialogue, and fill in the blanks. Helen: Hi, Mr. Green, what are you busy with? Mr. Green: I’ve been asked to _____________________________________ this year. I’d like to please everybody as much as possible. What about you? Where are you going on your holidays this year? Helen: I’m thinking of going to my brother’s. He lives by the sea, a summer Mecca. Mr. Green: How nice! When would you like to travel? Helen: Let me see. I’d like to spend my ____________________________either in May or October so that I can get low prices. Mr. Green: OK. Then give me . I can’t promise anything, but I’ll do my best. Mr. Green: I wish everybody were like you. But many people want to go away either__________________________________________. Helen: Why can’t we have vacation when we want to? Mr. Green: You know that people have to keep ____________________________and there must always be someone on duty who is __________________________________________in for the person who is away. Helen: You are absolutely right. I suppose it helps if ____________________________ to do more than one kind of job. Mr. Green: Yes, it really does. Helen: Could you put me ___________ either the end of August or the beginning of October? Mr. Green: OK. 2. Listen to the dialogue again, and answer the questions you will hear. Write your answers below. (1) —————————————————————————— (2) —————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— A ________ or company secretary, an __________ job, is expected to work normal office hours, apart from the _______ need to work late in order to meet a deadline. There may also be some evening or weekend meetings to attend. You would be expected to ______ a strict code of personal and ____________ conducts. Here follows an example. Mr. Wilson: Good morning, Helen. It’s a ______ to meet you again. Helen: Nice to see you too. If you work hard, _______ the limit here. Mr. Wilson: That’s right. Shall I ______my new colleagues? Helen: Sure, come with me. Helen: Mr. Green, I would like you to meet our ___________, Mr. Wilson, who just graduated from Cambridge university. Mr. Green: Nice to meet you. Mr. Wilson: Nice to meet you too. I am new to the working world and would ________ your guidance. Mr. Green: Of course, no problem. I will try my best to _________________ you need any help. Mr. Wilson: Great, thanks! Helen: Well, as other employees are still not in, I’ll ________you to them later. Mr. Wilson: All right. 1. First complete the short dialogue by translating the Chinese into English, and then practice them with your partner. Helen:Can you tell me the difference between a letter and a memorandum, Mr. Green? Mr. Green:(当然。信件是要从公司向外邮寄出去的,而备忘录是公司内部的信息传达。) Helen: Can we use a letter layout when we write a memorandum? Mr. Green:(不,没有这个必要。通常我们有印好的固定格式。我们只需在格式中填写并把它发送到公司相关人员或办公室。) Helen:It seems quite easy to write a memorandum. Could you show me a sample copy? Mr. Green:(没问题,我给你找一份。) 2. Create a short dialogue for each of the following situations and practice them with different partners. (1) Supposing you are the secretary of manager’s office, receive a businessman. (2) Answer the call from Helen to make an appointment. (3) The proficient secretary is asking M. Green, a junior secretary, whether he has prepared well for the meeting. (4) You are going to attend a meeting, so you ask Jim, a junior secretary, to look after the office. Reading Company secretary Since men have entered this profession there are no more stereotypes. Computers have largely taken over from the conventional typewriter and a modern-day secretary needs to be computer literate [1]. ? The old-fashioned filing system still clings firmly and all hard copies have to be stored in files—just as before—but backup computer disks offer instant availability of information and records. Voice recorders have done away to a certain extent with the once familiar notebook, pencil and shorthand writing, but the latter are still invaluable assets if the electricity supply breaks down [2]. stereotype: n. a belief or idea of what a particular type of person or thing is like老套 e.g. He doesn't conform to the usual stereotype of the city businessman with a dark suit and rolled umbrella.? 他不像典型的城市商人那样, 穿一身深色的套服、 带一把收好的雨伞. take over: 接管,接任 e.g. The firm has been taken over by an American conglomerate.? 该公司已被美国一企业集团接管。 Has the party been taken over by extremists?? 该党是否已被极端分子控制? [1] Computers have largely taken over from the conventional typewriter and a modern-day secretary needs to be computer literate. 电脑已经在很大程度上取代了传统的打字机,现代秘书要懂电脑。 take over from: to become bigger or more important than something else; to replace something 占上风;取而代之。 modern-day有两个意思:(1)现代的;当代的 (2)现代版的;翻新的(通常用于消极之物)如:It has been called modern-day slavery.人们称之为现代版的奴隶制度。 literate: .有读写能力的,有文化的. be computer literate应理解为:会使用电脑的;精通电脑的。 cling: v. to hold someone or something tightly贴紧,粘紧 e.g. Little children always cling to their mothers.? 小孩子总是紧依着母亲。 She clung to the hope that her son was not dead.? 她坚信她儿子还活着。 do away with:废除,去掉 e.g. I went them to do away with this feudal custom.? 我希望他们废除这一封建陋俗。 The government did away with free school meals.? 政府废除了学校免费提供膳食的做法。 [2] Voice recorders have done away to a certain extent with the once familiar notebook, pencil and shorthand writing, but the latter are still invaluable assets if the electricity supply breaks down. 录音设备已经在一定程度上代替了人们曾经很熟悉的笔记本,铅笔,和速记。但是,如果停电的话,后者仍然是无价之宝。 to a certain extent: 在一定程度上。e.g. To a certain extent, we are all responsible for this accident. 我们都在一定程度上对这起事故负有责任。 句中the later指代once familiar notebook, pencil and shorthand writing. invaluable:极有用的,极宝贵的。invaluable assets应译为:极有用的资产,无价之宝。 break down: to stop working because of a fault. 出故障,坏掉。e.g. The heating system has broken down.供暖系统瘫痪了。 As a secretary, you must have at heart the best interests of the firm for whom you work and be able to keep your private life and professional life totally separate if possible [3]. Secretaries hold key posts in many companies and it would be your responsibility to ensure that your company is legally constituted, economically viable and properly organized. In order to do this, the entire spectrum of business management and administration with responsibilities ranging from research and planning to financial and legal matters, from accounts and computerization to taxation, economics and personnel management would be your responsibility [4]. at heart:在内心里(在本质上) e.g. Wives say that men are invariably children at heart.? 妻子们说男人实际上永远是孩子。 Indeed he has a solemn face, but he is very humorous at heart.? 他的确有一副严肃的脸孔,但内心却是很富幽默感。 [3] As a secretary, you must have the best interests of the firm for whom you work at heart and be able to keep your private life and professional life totally separated if possible. 作为秘书,你必须在最大程度上关心你公司的成功,而且,如果可以的话,你应该做到公私分明。 ensure: v. to make certain that something will happen properly确定,保证,担保 e.g. This medicine will ensure you a good night’s sleep.? 这药保证能让你好好睡一觉。 If you want to ensure that you catch the plane, take a taxi.? 你要想确保能赶上那班飞机,就坐出租车去吧。 range from…to…:从...到...变动(从...到...范围,延伸,绵亘) e.g. The children's ages range from 8 to 15.? 这些孩子们的年龄在8岁到15岁之间。 The frontier range from the northern hill to the southern coast.? 边界从北部山地一直延伸到南部海岸。 [4] ……the entire spectrum of business management and administration with responsibilities ranging from research and planning to financial and legal matters, from accounts and computerization to taxation, economics and personnel management would be your responsibility. 整个商务管理和组织方面的事务都属于你的工作职责范围,这既包括从调研到确定财务和法律事务的企划,也涉及从帐户、电脑运用到税收、经济状况及人事管理等方方面面的事务。 此句的理解难点是range from…to的两个并列结构,其意思是to include a variety of different things in addition to those mentioned. 包括(从…到…)之间的各类事物。注:from和to之后要加名词性的结构。 Secretaries are often the backbone of a company or business and often receive promotion to higher positions in the administration of the company. They are the people who keep the wheels rolling smoothly and iron out the daily bumps of every nine-to-five day. Many successful executives and owners of large corporations admit that without their company secretaries they would not only be nervous wrecks but would also lose a great deal of money due to their own inability to handle the daily stress which slides off their shoulders and rests on those of their secretaries. You need to be a rather calm person if you envisage working for a large company or for any company that has a hectic schedule. It can be very stimulating if you have the ability to find quick solutions to problems, and rather exciting if you are something like the right-hand-man of the editor of the Daily Mail! backbone: n. the most important part of an organization or group of people中坚力量;courage and determination骨气 e.g.These men are the backbone of the country.? 这些人是国家的中坚力量。 He has no backbone.? 他没有骨气。 iron out:熨平 e.g. It will take weeks to get all the wrinkle iron out.? 解决这些难题得要几周时间。 He ironed out the wrinkles in his trousers.? 他把裤子上的绉摺熨平。 due to: 因为,由于 e.g. Due to circumstances beyond our control the lecture was cancelled.? 由于无法控制的情况,讲座取消了。 The two countries were on the point of war due to the diplomatic disputes.? 这两个国家因为外交争端即将开战。 envisage: v. to think that something is likely to happen in the future面对,正视,想像 e.g. Nobody can envisage the consequences of total nuclear war.? 没有人能想像出全面核子战争的后果。 I can’t envisage the plan(’s) working.? 我无法设想计划能否行得通。 stimulate: v. encourage 刺激,激励,鼓舞 e.g. I hoped my warning would stimulate her to greater efforts.? 我希望我的告诫会促使她作出更大的努力。 Light stimulates plant growth.? 光会刺激植物生长。 Political, legal, municipal and government and other secretaries need to learn special skills when they are appointed, but they are usually put into the capable hands of an experienced person who is able to teach them the ropes before allowing them to go on alone [5] . A good speaking voice and a pleasant telephone manner are essential and if you are more than bilingual, it will be a great advantage when applying for the better paid positions. [5]…they are usually given into the capable hands of an experienced person who is able to teach them the ropes before allowing them to go on alone. 他们通常被委托给一位有经验的能手,在允许独自上岗之前让他教授他们工作流程。 the capable hands中的hand意思是老手或在某一项活动或事务中有所擅长的人。 e.g.John is an old hand at labor negotiations. 约翰是劳资谈判的老手。 teach them the ropes中的[the ropes]意指诀窍或专门的程序或细节。e.g. learn the ropes学会诀窍; He knows the ropes.他知道其中的规矩。 essential: adj. extremely important and necessary必要的,重要的,本质的 e.g. Food is essential to life.? 食物对生命是必不可少的。 Her most essential quality is kindness.? 她最主要的品质是善良。 Part Two Exercises I. Reading comprehension: Read the text carefully, and choose the best answer for each of the following. 1.In the author’s opinion, what kind of skill must be mastered by a secretary? A. Shorthand. B. Computer. C. Making copies. D. Interpretation Key: B 2. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the text? A. Voice recorder plays an important role in secretarial work. B. Secretaries often receive promotion to a position on the board. C. A pleasant telephone manner is also essential for the better paid positions. D. Delegating responsibilities. Key: D 3. Which of the following is NOT true? A. When electricity supply is broken down, notebooks and pencils are invaluable assets. B. If you want to work for a large company, you must be rather calm. C. Legal secretaries are able to work by themselves without being trained by capable hands. D. It is very stimulating to be a right-hand-man. Key: C 4. Why does the author think secretaries are usually the backbone of a company or business? A. Secretaries are those who keep the wheels rolling smoothly. B. Secretaries are those who iron out the daily bumps of every nine-to-five day of a company. C. Secretaries have a good speaking voice. D. Both A and B. Key: D 5. From this text we can see_____. A. notebooks are still popular in secretarial work as before B. secretaries are not so important in companies C. a secretary should treat his or her company wholeheartedly D. owners of large companies can solve all problems by themselves Key: C II. Vocabulary and Structure: Choose the best one to complete each of the following sentences. 1. The most suitable thing you could do is to enter your father’s _____ as a lawyer. A. proposal B. proclaim C. profession D. project Key: C 2. Throughout the trial she had _____ to the belief that he was innocent. A. insisted B. clasped C. gripped D. clung Key: D 3. The police are _____ for the preservation of public order and security. A. tolerant B. responsible C. generous D. enthusiastic Key: B 4. I don’t _____ working with her again. A. remind B. envisage C. conceive D. think Key: B 5. He doesn’t conform to the usual _____ of the city businessman with a dark suit and rolled umbrella. . A. copy B. photo C. stereotype D. transition Key: C 6. These rare manuscripts are _____ to scholars and should be in a museum. A. valueless B. invaluable C. unworthy D. worthless Key: B 7. Every _____ person should read this book that Lu Xun wrote in the 1930s. A. literate B. liberate C. deliberate D. dedicate Key: A 8. They tried their best to _____ to the rope to keep from falling off the cliff. A. inline B. link C. blink D. cling Key: D 9. You see the lighting ______ it happens, but you hear the thunder later. A. on the instant B. for an instant C. the instant D. in an instant Key: C 10. It is suggested to keep a fire extinguisher ______ at all times in this kind of public place. A. exceptive B. available C. additional D. inclusive Key: B 11.Nowadays the possession of an ability to get along with people is an ______ in business.. A. asset B. assessment C. acceptation D. reception Key: A 12. Although receiving ______ support from family, community or the government is allowed, it is never admired. A. legal B. industrial C. political D. financial Key:D 13. The major cities are more capable to preserve the cultural traditions because the ______ government receives more avenues than small cities and counties. A. urban B. municipal C. multiple D. principle Key: B 14. A(n) ______ system refers to using or being able to use two languages, especially with equal or nearly equal fluency. A. intonation B. impressive C. bilingual D. dialectal Key: C 15. Laws, in general, are ______ to protect individual rights and properties in a society. A. constituted B. constructed C. confirmed D. concluded Key: A III. Blank Filling: Choose one word or phrase from the box, and complete each sentence with its proper form. 1. The _________ of the negotiations was not unexpected to every one in the delegation. 2. The man out of the work had to _________ the payments for his car. 3. He thinks it’s time we ____________ the monarchy. 4. That’s messed things up ______________ . 5. There are still a few details that need ____________ . 6. Arthur has had a number of different jobs, ____________ author ______ painter. 7. I had a hard time getting him to ______. 8. The conference ________ him to study the subject in more depth. 9. _________, what we are suggesting is that the firm needs to change. 10. It is ________ that the sports meeting will take place in the fall. 11. I will leave the organization in your ___________. 12. I didn’t know what he was ______. It didn’t make sense. Exposure to detailed study and practical training in various fields adds to versatility of a company secretary. A company secretary has a great scope of 1 in private companies, consulting firms, financial institutions, banks, and other private and public 2 . A qualified company secretary is 3 enough to take up wide range of responsibilities in secretarial, finance, accounts, 4 and administrative departments of companies. A company secretary always gets involved in major decisions such as 5 long and short term corporate policies and programs. 1. A. document B. employment C. monument D. entertainment Key: B 2. A. departments B. branches C. sectors D. classifications Key: C 3. A. literate B. clever C. foolish D. competent Key: D 4. A. personnel B. routine C. business D. affair Key: A 5. A. delegating B. formulating C. composing D. purchasing Key: B Other responsibilities 6 by a secretary include incorporation, managing public issues, 7 company’s records, taking care of company’s tax planning, tax management, tax returns, etc. Acting as 8 legal advisor and representative, a secretary is required to understand 9 aspects of law, 10 himself (herself) with the changes to ensure proper compliance of legislations. Nowadays, his (her) assistance in administration, management makes him (her) the company’s chief administrator. 6. A. undertaken B. bought C. enjoyed D. consumed Key: A 7. A. escorting B. maintaining C. reserving D. planning Key: B 8. A. initial B. internal C. external D. national Key: B 9. A senior B. advanced C. relevant D. top Key: C 10. A. makeup B. outdate C. outcome D. update Key: D V. Translation: Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 4. If offices do the accounting for the affiliate, it is important to have a viable check and balance system. This will allow the treasurer to easily follow what has transpired. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 5.The treasurer will be the one responsible for signing the checks and must understand what the accountant is working on. It is important for the treasurer to verify the amounts of each check before signing it. ______________________________________________________________________________________________ Practical Writing Meeting Agenda This tutorial will explain how to compile an agenda and what information should be included. The size of the agenda will determine the length of time the meeting will run for, e.g. You have issues that must be discussed at this meeting, so you may have to schedule your meeting for the whole afternoon - 2-3 hours. Alternatively, the length of time available by each member is minimal, say, only one hour.? Ideally, always try and keep your meetings to approximately one hour and always have an agenda as it helps the meeting procedure to be keep on track i.e. members will focus on the agenda items and not waste time. If you are unsure how to prepare an agenda,?use the example below as a guide for your meeting arrangements. When compiling your agenda, correspondence should be in the order set out on your agenda index page (as above).? Ideally, put a cover page on the front of it - can be cardboard, plastic see through cover, or paper and list basically the information that is contained, i.e. name of committee, day, date and time of meeting?and the venue. If your meeting is a committee meeting and there will not be any written reports to send to members as an agenda, always send your minutes of the previous meeting out with the meeting notice , and the agenda index should list the points to be discussed at the meeting.? By doing this, at least your members will be foreworn about the topics for discussion and would have had time to consider issues for and against the matter, or maybe even suggest another form of action. If after you have sent your agenda out and further correspondence has been received that you feel should be considered at the meeting, you can still submit it to the meeting.? This is usually referred to as “Late Correspondence”.? You use the same agenda index format (as above) and just continue the numbering on, Don’t start from one again.??At some time you may list an item in the agenda for discussion but the report or correspondence will not be available until the morning of the meeting, in the page number column, just type in “to be tabled”.? You would then present each member with a copy of this report at the meeting. Exercises 1.Read the following meeting agenda, paying attention to the contents in the table. (omitted) 2.Read the following meeting agenda, filling the blanks according to the Chinese given in the brackets. Supplementary Reading Company Responsibilities of a Secretary for Board Meetings Much of the secretary’s work will revolve around convening, servicing and administering board meetings [1] .Inevitably particular companies will have different requirements. Directors have an obligation to ensure that this work is carried out appropriately, so a company secretary should bear in mind that board meetings and the minutes not only provide evidence of the reasons for and the decisions taken by the board, but may also provide evidence for directors to take decisions in good faith exercising their duty of care [2]. 董事会的职责和义务 秘书工作的重心之一是在于召集董事会议,并为董事会议提供服务和管理。特定的公司要求肯定不同。董事长由责任确保,这项工作正确展开,因此公司秘书应当牢记:董事会和会议笔记不仅提供董事会作出决策的依据和原因,这也可能为公司经理认真履行其职责,(为公司)制定决策提供依据。 [1] Much of the secretary’s work will revolve about convening, servicing and administering board meetings. 秘书工作的重心之一 是在于召集董事会议,并为董事会议提供服务和管理。 revolve about: 围绕...而旋转; 反复考虑。 e.g. Their troubles revolve around money management.他们的麻烦都与金钱管理有关。 He revolved about the main points in his mind. 他在心中反复地思索要点。 [2]……but may also provide evidence for directors to take decisions in good faith exercising their duty of care. 这也可能为公司经理认真履行其职责,(为公司)制定决策提供依据。 in good /bad faith: 诚意地 [欺诈地], 老实地 [不老实地]。 One of the important board meeting duties for a company secretary is to generate an agenda in agreement with the chairman, ensuring all data for consideration by the board accompanies the agenda, or there is a date by which they will be ready and distributed. Accompanying data should be presented in the order in which they will be considered on the agenda. Convene the meeting in good time. There is no legal requirement regarding when notice of a board meeting should be given, but for commercial reasons and to allow the directors to be properly briefed at least seven days’ notice with required data should be given. It would also be reasonable that the secretary takes responsibility for compiling and updating a timetable for future meetings. 对公司秘书而言,其中一项重要的董事会会议职责就是,按照主席要求,指定会议议程,确保议程附有董事会需要参考的所有数据,或者注明数据准备好并下达的日期。随带的数据应当按照议程顺序排序。在适当的时候召集会议。关于什么时候通知召开董事会,没有法定的要求。但是,出于商务原因,为了让董事们正确地了解简要信息,至少提前7天提供必需数据。同样,秘书无疑有责任编辑和更新未来会议的日程表。 If a select group is required to be present, ensure before the beginning of the meeting that at least members satisfying that requirement are to be present to avoid wasting the time of other members. Take, report and record any apologies for absence and note any late arrivals or early departures so that it can be shown who was present when any decision was taken. Have available any statutory and other registers which need to be inspected or signed (e.g. the registers of seals, director’s interests, etc.). Check if members have all the documents required and have available spare documents in case members have mislaid or forgotten them. 如果选择组需要出席会议,须在会前确定符合参会要求的人员确实会前来开会,以避免耽误他人的时间。 带上,报告并记录缺席或迟到或早退的理由,这样,做出决策时可以知道谁在场。准备好各种待检查或待签署的规定性文件和其他的记录文本。 检查是否成员具有所有必需的文件,准备富余的文件,以免与会者带错或忘带文件。 Ensure meeting’s supports are in operation, such as provision of refreshments, note-taking aids, protection against interruption, and so on. Ensure meeting adheres to and does not overlook any item on the agenda. Ensure those who speak and vote are entitled to do so. Ensure the meeting does take required decisions and that these are clear and clearly understood by all present. Note the goal of the meeting in the minutes. Prepare minutes, have them approved in draft by the chairman and distribute them to the members. 确保会议支持工作准备完善,例如,提供点心与饮料 、笔记助手、避免受到干扰等。确保会议完全按照议程展开,未忽略议程表的任何项目。确保发言者、投票者具备相应权力。确保会议作出所需决策,出席者完全清晰、准确地理解所做的决策。在会议记录中,记录会议目标。准备会议记录。主席同意后,把文本发给所有成员。 Keep the minutes safe and available to members of the board. Ensure action is effected as required by the meeting and reported on at the appropriate time. Anticipate the level of support available and any antipathy or opposition to matters due to be considered by the board and brief the chairman accordingly. Be proactive in all respects. 妥善保管会议记录,提供给董事会成员。确保行动如会议要求和汇报的那样,在恰当时间实施。预测董事会要讨论的议题可获得的支持和任何抵制。简要地报告给主席。 各方面工作都应当具有前瞻性。 Exercises Read the text carefully, and choose the best answer for each of the following. 1.What does the “chairman” mentioned in the second paragraph refer to? A. The person in charge of a committee. B. The person in charge of a company. C. The person in charge of a meeting. D. Director. Key: C 2. Which of the following is NOT true about “board meetings and the minutes”? A. Board meetings and the minutes provide evidence of the reasons for and the decisions taken by the board B. Board meeting and the minutes provide evidence for directors to take decisions in good faith exercising their duty of care C. It is important for company secretaries to deal with meetings and minutes carefully. D. In boarding meetings a company secretary needn’t generate an agenda in agreement with the chairman. Key: D 3. By saying “convene the meeting in good time” (Line 6, Para 2), the author means holding a meeting______. A. in time B. with enough time so that you are not in a hurry C. in your own time D. behind time Key: B 4. The author believes that ______. A. it is one of the important board meeting duties for a company secretary to generate an agenda in agreement with the chairman B. there is no need to ensure all data for consideration by the board accompanies the agenda C. noting any late arrivals or early departures is not so necessary D. ensuring protection against interruption is not needed Key: A 5. Which of the following is not mentioned in the text? A. A company secretary should keep the minutes safe and available to members of the board B. A company secretary should ensure the meeting does take required decisions and that these are clear and clearly understood by all present C. It would be logical for the secretary to take responsibility for compiling and updating a timetable for future meetings D. Modern equipment helps to hold a meeting Key: D 译文 首页 首页 课文 课文 breakdown get behind did away with good and proper ironing out ranging from to pay up, essential, get behind, range from…to…, stimulating, capable hands, good and proper, iron out, on about, envisage, do away with, breakdown pay up stimulated Essentially envisaged capable hands on about IV. Cloze: Choose the best one from the four choices to finish the passage. Offices can be used for permanent storage. This is a special benefit when officers change so often that records can get lost. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Many offices have the equipment for transcribing minutes and treasurer’s reports for board members. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. The secretary will have to separate the motions from the rest of the minutes so that the office can file them. ______________________________________________________________ 员工的频繁更换会导致档案丢失,办公室的一个重要优势是
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